Tanzania is considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world absolutely and relatively. This being the fact, the situation is worse in the rural areas in northern Tanzania due to high population, low productivity and lack of reliable sources of income. This area is characterized by many features such as lack of all-weather roads, lack of industries, lack of offices, lack of social services such as schools, health centers, lack of water, over 75% of the inhabitants are illiterate, lack of electricity, very low life expectancy, very high infant and maternal mortality rate, early marriages and use of very crude tools.
Due to patriarchy system, ignorance and traditions in this area, the most affected groups are the women and children. In this area there is very high number of most vulnerable children who need immediate help. These children are most vulnerable because of several reasons such as living in an extremely poor family, disability, orphan, they are abandoned, they live in child headed families, HIV/ Aids, parents are affected by alcohol and drug abuse, child labor having chronic diseases and domestic violence.
According to UNICEF, malnutrition in Tanzania is a contributing factor in an estimated 130 child deaths everyday. They die because their immune systems are weakened through lack of essential nutrients and so they easily succumb to common childhood diseases that they would otherwise be able to fight. They also make children unable to reach their potential because they have been deprived of essential nutrients for healthy growth and brain development. According to the WHO, children from communities that are iodine deficient can lose an average of 13.5 IQ points and iron deficiency makes them tired and slow. Undernourished children often miss and do less at school and are less productive making it hard for them to escape poverty. Apart from nutrition, these children and women also need education and health support.
Over 15% of adolescent girls and women are undernourished which as a result they give birth to low birth weight infants who will be malnourished in childhood and later life thus transferring undernutrition from one generation to the next. Therefore there is need to help these women and children get nutritious food, education and help the same communities to have environmental conservation programs that will make them sustainable.
In Tanzania, primary school is free but parents or care takers have to provide mandatory uniforms and school supplies for their children. Most vulnerable children cant afford therefore they don’t go to school. If they don’t have uniforms teachers embarrass them and punish them.
Secondary schools are not free. So apart from the school supplies and uniforms, parents/ caretakers have to pay school fees for their children. Secondary school is therefore harder than primary school. Due to patriarchy system, most parents don’t take girls to school especially the secondary school. In rural areas, parents due to poverty marry off their daughters to a person who can afford the stated bride price. This makes women cling to domestic activities hence remain poor. Therefore, this project aims at providing nutritious flour to the malnourished women and children, to provide education support and also engage in the environmental conservation.
According to the Tanzania ministry of Community Development Gender and Children, Tanzania faces a crisis in its ability to provide needed services to HIV/ Aids orphans and vulnerable children. Therefore they are asking for non state actors like Non governmental organizations, community based organizations, faith based organizations and individuals to help these children.
OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT.
- To provide nutritious flour to the verified neediest children under 5 years, abandoned disabled children and the discriminated and abandoned women with HIV/ Aids or other chronic diseases.
- To establish and support conservation clubs in both primary and secondary schools.
- To sponsor the most vulnerable children for their primary education.
- To sponsor very bright girls who cant afford secondary school education due to lack of funds.
- To help stakeholders in the verification of most underserved women and children in northern Tanzania.
- Reduction of deaths.
- Women and children who are now weak due to lack of nutrients will improve.
- Increase of school attendance and performance to the most vulnerable children.
- Increase of peace in the community as food crisis creates many instabilities.
- Reduction of girls who are migrating to town to find better life and end up being used for prostitution by their hosts.
- It will help poor families to make savings hence in turn they can use the money for income generating activities. Right now they use any income they get to buy food.
- There will be decrease of street children. These are children who leave their families and go to urban areas becoming beggars.
Girl mothers, undernourished women, people living with HIV/ Aids, undernourished children under 5, children with disabilities.
- The porridge may be shared by other members of the family and therefore to large families it will not last so long.
- Families are too poor hence may not afford to buy sugar.
- Poor families in the rural areas depend on firewood as their only source of energy hence may increase cutting down trees.
To make this project sustainable, the stakeholders will be involved so they can learn by participating in the project activities and try to find ways to raise funds so that they continue providing the services to the verified neediest people.
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
Monitoring will be done every month to see the progress and the report of the field visit will be produced. Monitoring visits will be well documented. Monitoring and evaluation tools will be developed.
Evaluation will be done on quarterly basis. This will be done by looking into the indicators for each service provided.
Every month, there will be a detailed report
This project will open up the region to Just One Humanity. This will be an advantage in the future for conservation and water projects.